Lumbar Discopathy -useful information and advices
Lumbar discopathy is a deterioration of the intervertebral disc of the lumbar spine level. The spine consists of vertebrae stacked over another. Between these vertebrae are intervertebral discs. Vertebral discs are made of cartilage (like seals between two nuts). The spinal cord consists of a bundle of nerve fibers. These nerve fibers leave the brain and transmit to the brain signals that control the entire body. Fibers leave the spinal cord through spaces between the vertebrae (where there are intervertebral discs).
If the discs are not integrated, the vertebrae are closer to each other and embarrassed nerve coming out of them. Vertebral disc damage the lumbar spine called lumbar discopathy. If the disc of the lumbar vertebrae deteriorates and breaks a lot of disc herniation occurs. Lumbar discopathy gives pain in the back. The pain may spread in front of the abdomen or leg.
How it’s felt back pain in lumbar discopathy?
Pain appears in the back and is intense in movements of the spine or in certain positions (sitting on the couch, standing, and vibrations), etc. The back may ache at coughing or sneezing. Movement is necessary for disc nutrition. The nucleus pulposus acts as a pump to regulate flow of liquids and gas in the disc. During column movements occurring pressure variations in the nucleus pulposus, variations favoring liquid and gas flow.
If lumbar discopathy back pain occurs when backbone is more required: too much standing, jumping, carried high object, long driving and especially large vibrations.
Many people confuse this pain with kidney pain. In lumbar discopathy, back pain increases when the spine moves. It is not advisable to do massage (especially vigorous, energetic massages) as nerve irritation caused by massage adds to irritation caused by approaching the vertebrae (altered intervertebral disc).
At irritated nerves level during lumbar discopathy some back lesions occur (nerve fiber breaks), that are beyond repair, whether surgery is done later.
Advices for patients with spinal disc problems or herniated disc:
- To not lift weights lower than in position with knees bent and right column
- Avoid possible transport of difficult objects in the back, which increase request on intervertebral discs
- To practice medical gymnastics every day for 10-15 minutes in the morning and at end of the day;
- To avoid weight gain, following the diet according to season and exercises;
- Talk to the doctor at the first signs of pain localized in the lumbar region;
- If it occurred after effort, request and consult the doctor. Until the arrival of the doctor to observe absolute rest in bed;
- A sudden disappearance of pain accompanied by difficulty in walking announces paralyzing sciatica, to be operated in at least 4-5 hours of symptom onset;
- Spa treatment may be indicated at the end of painful crisis and only with medical advice;
Author: Stefania Constantin